Brazil has borders with Venezuela and the Guianas: (Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana ) to the North and Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay to the South.
To the NW, Colombia, and Peru and Bolivia to the West.
The North of Brazil holds about 45% of the total surface, being the least populated (about 1/3 of the total population) and under-developed area. Main cities here are Salvador, Fortaleza and Recife.
The SE region is the richest and most populated, with the biggest cities in the country: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
- Brazil's geography is marked by the absolutely superb Amazon rainforest to the North, covering an area of 2.5 million square miles and embracing a total of nine South America countries: Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and the Guianas.
- Its biggest rivers are : Amazon (2nd. largest in the world after the Nile in Egypt), Parana, Iguacu (Iguassu) -home to the fantastic Iguazu Falls- Xingu, Madeira, Tapajos and San Francisco.
- Pantanal, with approx. 400,000 square km. is one of the major ecologic destinations in Brazil, covering the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul plus part of Paraguay and Bolivia.
- Cerrado or Brazilian savannas, an area of about 2 million square km. in central Brazil.
Facts about Brazil:
The following is a list of the most relevant Brazil facts...
190.7 million (according to 2010 demographic census) distributed as follows: 53,7% white, 38.5% of mixed race, 6.2% black (legacy of slavery in Brazil and most noticeable in Salvador).
Religious faith is Roman Catholic (73%), Protestant (15,4%), Spiritualist (1.3%), vodoo (0.3%) and none (7.4%), according to 2000 census.
Portuguese but Spanish and English is spoken in the cities
Real (BRL). It's called Reais in plural. 1 BRL = 0.481742 USD (May 2009)
Mostly tropical, but temperate in south
Brazil spans four time zones: Rio and São Paulo GMT-2 (GMT-3 from april to October), Brasilia and Belem GMT-3 (GMT-2 from October to March and GMT-4 to the West.
Carnival in Brazil is worldwide famous, particularly in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife. Soccer means passion to Brazilians and they are very good at it. They have won five World Cups to prove it.