Few countries in the world can exhibit the diversity that Peru has in store, like a continent in miniature. With four marked geographical regions, it offers such a wide range of experiences that it could be difficult to choose between them.
The amount and variety of Peru tours available is so huge that it could take you weeks in a row to explore them all.
So vast and varied its topography is that neither the Inca empire, nor the Spanish conquistadores that followed, could totally dominate such a rugged terrain. Even today, you are better off by flying to some regions of Peru than to aspire to reach them overland. Think of Iquitos if you're in Lima, or a visit to Manu National Park, for instance.
Certainly, there are some classic Peru tours pretty well known all over the world, such as the lost city of Machu Picchu - with or without the legendary Inca Trail that leads to it - Cuzco, the Sacred Valley, Puno and Lake Titicaca. Although remarkable experiences by themselves, this is only the tip of the iceberg.
Peru is much bigger than that. Think about pre-Inca civilizations such as the Chachapoyas (Kuelap), Sipan (Moche culture), Caral (Nazca lines), Chan-Chan citadel and Chavin de Huantar when planning some archaeological tourism.
Consider a visit to Peru's Amazon rainforest. It comprises about 50% of the nation yet only 5% of Peruvians live there. One of the last true frontiers on Earth, it preserves some of the most diverse fauna and flora reserves in the whole world.
And of course, you shouldn't forget about Lima, its capital. In fact, don't even think about missing it. The "City of Kings" is shrouded in history, a civilization that dates back millennia whose historic center is part of the World Heritage List by UNESCO. Home to the oldest university in South America and loaded with superb colonial architecture, Lima is also sophisticate and a leading gastronomic pole four hundred years in the making.
Wherever your journey takes you in Peru, the following tours will provide you with a good starting point to explore one of the continent's top picks for adventurous travelers...
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