Venezuela Climate...

 
 

When thinking about Venezuela climate, forget about traditional seasons. As it happens in several South American countries that lie within the tropics, they are defined by wet and dry season mainly.

Its climate varies from tropical humid to alpine, depending on the elevation, topography, and the direction and intensity of prevailing winds.

Caribbean South America, where Venezuela is located - with an average of over 300 sunshine days a year - doesn't know about winter, spring, summer or fall.

Seasonal variations are marked less by temperature than by rainfall. Most of the country has a distinct rainy season; the rainy period (May through November) is commonly referred to as winter (invierno) and the rest of the year as summer - verano.

 
 

Naturally, you may want to plan a Venezuela trip during dry season, for reasons of hiking or any other outdoor activity for that matter, however, it is in the rainy season when river transportation becomes easier and impressive sights, such as Angel falls, fully blossom.

Temperatures vary very little during the year and most parts of the country maintain an average of over 25°C (77°F).

Its capital, Caracas, has an average annual temperature of 22°C (72°F) and varies by only 4°C (8°F) over the year.

In fact, between March and October experiences between 17°C and 33°C (62°F and 91°F), while in the period from November to February 12°C and 28°C (52°F and 82°F).


Based primarily on elevation, we could define Venezuela climate in terms of four horizontal layers...

  • Tropical Zone:
    Below 800 m (2,600 ft) over sea level. Most of the country lies within it. Yearly temperatures averages range between 26 and 28 °C (79 and 82 °F).
  • Temperate Zone:
    Located between 800 and 2,000 m (2,600 and 6,600 ft) over sea level. it shows average temperatures ranging from 12 to 25°C (54 to 77°F).
  • Cool Zone:
    Between 2,000 and 3,000 m (6,600 and 9,800 ft) over sea level. with temperatures varying from 9 to 11 °C (48 to 52 °F).
  • Páramo:
    Above 3,000 m (9,800 ft) over sea level, where we find average yearly temperatures below 8 °C (46 °F). This is the climate of the Andes. Higher up corresponds to the land of perpetual snow. One such locale is the 16,427-foot-high Pico Bolivar at the Cordillera de Mérida, the highest Andean peak in Venezuela.

Average yearly rainfall in the lowlands and plains range from a semiarid 430 millimeters (16.9 in) in the western part of the Caribbean coastal areas to around 1,000 millimeters (39.4 in) in the Orinoco Delta.

Caracas averages 750 millimeters (29.5 in) of precipitation annually, being June through August the rainiest month.


For official info regarding Venezuela climate and weather forecasts throughout the country, please visit Servicio de Meteorología de la Aviación - Site in Spanish.